Ancient Marriage Compatibility

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Ancient Marriage Compatibility
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   Ancient Marriage Compatibility     Chapter XIII: To Determine the Suitability of a Match This is an excerpt on determining marriage compatibility from a mid-evil Indian text called “Kalaprakasika”   translated by N.P. Subramania Iyer. One can use these rules but needs to understand that the interpretations were accurate for the 15 th  century, and therefore should be adjusted for the modern world.   The planetary conditions for determining the suitability or otherwise of the bridegroom to the bride and vice versa are delineated in this Chapter. There are ten “Considerations” necessary to the forming of a correct judgment as to the suitability of a proposed matrimonial union. These are 1. Dhinam, 2. Ganam, 3. Mahendhram, 4. Stree-Dheergham, 5. Yoni, 6. Rasi, 7. Rasyadhipati, 8. Vasyam, 9. Rajju, and 10. Vedhai. 1.   Dhina-Count the asterisms from the asterism of the bride to that of the bridegroom (both inclusive). The first, viz, the asterism at birth, is “Janma”; the 2 nd   asterism signifies “Sampat” -fortune; the 3 rd   denotes “Vipat” -disaster; the 4 th   favours “Kshema” -well-being; the 5 th   produces “Pratyara” -obstruction; the 6 th   shows “Sadhaka” -aid; the 7 th  inclines to “Vadham” -slaughter; the 8 th   tends to “Mitra” -friendship; the 9 th   leads to “Parama - Mitra” intimate friendship. The asterism of the bridegroom should be the 2 nd , 4 th , 6 th , or 8 th  from  that of the bride. If it be the 3 rd , the 5 th , or the 7 th , it shows disagreement. Of the second Pariyaya the 1 st  quarter of the 3 rd , the 4 th  quarter of the 5 th , and the 3 rd  quarter of the 7 th  asterism should be avoided. The other quarters of these asterisms are good. The asterisms of the 3 rd   “Pariyaya” produce no evil. The asterism of the bridegroom should not be the 27 th , or order from that of the bride. The adverse effects arising from such a position will, however, be diminished of the two asterisms belong to the same sign. If the asterisms belong to different signs the effect will be bad. Another asterism to be avoided is the 22 nd , counting from Janma-Nakshatra of either. This position of asterism is described as “Vadha - vainasika” the evil effects of which are set forth by Sage Kasyapa. A man and a woman born under any of the following pairs of asterisms will form an unsuitable match and their union will be unhappy: Krittika and Aslesha; Aslesha and Swati; Chitra and Purvasadha; Anuradha and Sravishta; Sravishta and Bharani; Satabisha and Krittika. A couple born under any of the following pairs of asterisms will make a happy match: Ardra and Uttarapalguni; Purvaphalguni and Anuradha; Chitra and Pushya, Punarvasu and Hasta. The last pair favours the progress and development of the family. Asterisms Jyeshta and Sathabisha incline to ruin the family. Uttaraphalguni and Mrigasirsha, Hasta, and Mula-these two pairs tend to cause death and pecuniary loss respectively. If the asterisms of the bridegroom and the bride be Rohini and Magha, or Purvabadhrapada and Rohini, they will have many sons; if they be Aswini and Punarvasu, or, Swati and Uttarashada, the couple will give birth to daughters; if they be Revati anad Ardra or Jyeshta and Uttaraphalguni there will be rancor between husband and wife; if they be Visakha and Magha, wicked sons will be born; if they be Visakha and Sravana, the husband and wife will become enemies; if they be Aswini and Sravana, the husband and wife will live apart; if they be Uttarabhadrapada and Mrigasirsha widowhood must be predicted; if they be Uttarashadha and Revati, there will be enjoyment; if they be Mula and Purvabhadrapada, there will be mutual affection; of the be Bharani and Pushya, the husband and wife will live in affluence. In many cases, the Janma-Nakshatra of the bridegroom and the bride may be one and the same; if such Janma-Nakshatra be any of the following, it would be excellent: Rohini, Ardra, Magha, Hasta, Visakha, Sravana, Uttarabhadrapada and Revati. If the common Janma-Nakshatra be any of the following, the effect would be neutral: Aswini, Krittika, Mrigasirsha, Punarvasu, Pushya, Purvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Chitra, Anuradha, Purvashadha, and Uttarashadha.  If the Janma-Nakshatra be any of the following, the match should be considered unsuitable and marriage avoided: Bharani, Aslesha, Swati, Jyeshta, Mula, Sravishta, Satabisha, and Purvabhadrapada. If the Janma-Nakshatra belong to two signs, the stellar quarter of the bridegroom should be the earlier  . If it be otherwise, it will cause harm to the couple. If the Janma-Nakshatra of the bridegroom and the bride belong to the same sign, that of the bridegroom must be prior to that of the bride; otherwise, it is inauspicious. Exception  –  Among asterisms that belong to one and the same sign, the following should be left out of consideration: Bharani and Krittika, Sravishta and Satabisha, Pushya and Aslesha. The asterism of the bridegroom may rightly be the next, in order, to that of the bride, if the asterism of the latter be any of the following: Aswini, Krittika, Mrigasirsha, Magha, Hasta, Swati, Purvashadha and Satabisha. Janma-Nakshatra belonging to two Sings  –  if the bridegroom and the bride have a common Janma-Nakshatra belonging to two signs, the stellar quarter belonging to the first sign should be that of the bride. Any of the remaining three stellar quarters of the other sign may be that of the bridegroom. If the stellar quarters be equally divided between the two signs, the sign for the first two should be that of the bridegroom. 1.   Gana: The following asterisms belong to Deva Gana: Aswini, Mrigasirsha, Punarvasu, Pushya, Hasta, Swati, Anuradha, Sravana and Revati. Manushya Gana: Bharani, Rohini, Ardra, Purvaphalguni, Uttarabhadrapada. Rakshasa Gana: Krittika, Aslesha, Magha, Chitra, Visakha, Jyeshta, Mula, Sravishta, and Satabisha. If the Gana of the bridegroom and of the bride be the same it signifies suitability; it is excellent. If their Ganas be Deva Gana and Manushya Gana respectively, it is of middling quality; if they be of Deva and Rakshasa Ganas, it is very bad; the association of Manushya with Rakshasa Gana is fatal. If the asterisms of the bridegroom and the bride be Manushya and Rakshasa Gana respectively, the marriage will prove harmful for both. Exception: The adverse effects of Rakshasa Gana will diminish if the asterism of the bride at birth be beyond the 14 th  from the asterism of the bridegroom. 1.   Mahendhra: The Janma-Nakshatra of the bridegroom should be the 4 th , 7 th , 10 th , 13 th , 16 th , 19 th , 22 nd  or 25 th  asterism from that of the bride. This promotes wellbeing and prolongs life. 1.   Stri-Dhirgham: The asterism of the bridegroom should be beyond the 13 th  asterism from that of the bride to satisfy the point of suitability. Some writers hold that it is enough if the said asterism is beyond the 7 th .  1.   Yoni: This word literally means the organ of the reproduction in the female animal creation. The genital characteristics ascribed to asterisms constitute another point in which there should be agreement in the horoscopes the bridegroom and the bride: Aswini and Satabisha  –  Horse; Bharani and Revati  –  Elephant; Pushya and Krittika  –  Sheep; Rohini and Mrigasirsha  –  Serpent; Aslesha and Punarvasu  –  Cat; Magha and Purvaphalguni  –  Rat; Uttaraphalguni, Uttarashadha and Uttarabhadrapada  –  Cow; Swati and Hasta  –  Buffalo; Visakha and Chitra  –  Tiger; Jyeshta and Anuradha  –  Deer; Mula and Ardra  –  Dog; Purvashadha and Sravana  –  Monkey; Sravistha and Purvabhadrapada  –  Lion. Monkey and Sheep, Deer and Elephant, Horse and Buffalo, Cow and Tiger, Rat and Cat, Serpent and Rat, Serpent and Mongoose, Dog and Deer  –  these are mutually hostile- so, inauspicious. To show suitability the asterisms of the couple should be of the same Yoni. If different, it is neutral; hostile yonis should be avoided. 1.   Rasi: The Janma-Rasi (the sign occupied by the Moon at birth) of the bridegroom should not be the 2 nd  from the Janma-Rasi of the bride; in other words, the Janma-Rasi of the bride should not be the 12 th , in order, from the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom for this position proves fatal. The converse should be the case; the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom. This tends to prolong life. If the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom be the 3 rd  from the Janma-Rasi of the bride, there will be misery. The converse of this position shows suitability and the couple will have a happy life. If the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom be the 4 th  from the Janma-Rasi of the bride, in other words, if the Janma-Rasi of the bride be the 10 th  from that of the bridegroom, they will become poor. If the position be the converse of this they will grow rich. If the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom be the 5 th  from that of the bride, there will be widowhood; the converse of this position secures immunity from widowhood. She will be a Sumangali  –  one in married life. If the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom be the 6 th  from that of the bride, loss of sons must be predicted; the converse favours birth of sons. If the Janma-Rasis of the bridegroom and the bride be diametrically opposite to each other in the Zodiac, the couple will have a long and happy life. Exception  –  Even if the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom be the 2 nd  from that of the bride, the effect will be good if such Janma-Rasi be an even sign. (In this case, the Janma-Rasi of the bride is the 12 th  sign from that of the bridegroom) If it be an odd sign, it will do harm. Where the Janma-Rasi of the bridegroom is 6 th  from the Janma-Rasi of the bride, it will be felicitous, if the two Rasis be any of the following pairs: Aries and Virgo; Sagittarius and Taurus; Libra and Pisces; Aquarius and Cancer; Leo and Capricorn; Gemini and Scorpio. 1.   Rasyadhipati: Mars is the lord of Aries and Scorpio. His friends are Mercury and Venus. The other planets are his enemies.  Venus is the Lord of Taurus and Libra. All the planets except the Sun and the Moon are her friends. Mercury is the lord of Gemini and Virgo. All save the sun, are his friends. The moon is the Lord of Cancer. Mercury and Jupiter are her friends. The Sun is the Lord of Leo. Jupiter is his only friend. Jupiter is the Lord of Sagittarius and Pisces. All except Mars are his friends. 1.   Vasya: Leo and Scorpio are concordant to Aries; Cancer and Leo are concordant to Taurus; Virgo, to Gemini; Scorpio and Sagittarius, to Cancer; Libra, to Leo; Gemini and Pisces, to Virgo; Capricorn, to Libra; Virgo and Cancer, to Scorpio; Pisces, to Sagittarius; Aquarius and Aries, to Capricorn; Aries, to Aquarius; Capricorn to Pisces. The Janma-Rasi (the sign occupied by moon at birth) of the bridegroom should be concordant to that of the bride, or vice versa in which case there will be harmony between the couple. 1.   Rajju: There are five divisions of asterisms under this head: o   Pada Rajju  –  Aswini, Aslesha, Magha, Jyeshta, Mula and Revati o   Ooroo Rajju  –  Bharani, Pushya, Purvaphalguni, Anuradha, Purvashadha, and Uttarabhadrapada. o   Nabhi Rajju  –  Krittika, Punarvasu, Uttaraphalguni, Visakha, Uttarashadha and Purvabhadrapada. o   Kanta Rajju  –  Rohini, Ardra, Hasta, Swati, Sravana, and Satabisha. o   Siro Rajju  –  Mrigasirsha, Chitra, and Sravishta. If the asterisms of the couple come under Padha Rajju, they will travel to foreign countries; Ooroo Rajju causes loss of property; Nabhi Rajju shows loss of offspring; Kanta Rajju signifies the death of the woman; Siro Rajju, the death of the man. Therefore, the asterisms of the couple should not be in the same division. Thus the sages interpret Rajju. 10. Vedha: The following sets of asterisms are mutually repellent. There should be no marriage between a man and a woman, whose asterisms are found in the same set: Aswini and Jyeshta, Bharani and Anuradha, Krittika and Visakha, Rohini and Swati, Ardra and Sravana, Punarvasu and Uttarashadha, Pushya and Purvashadha, Aslesha and Mula, Magha and Revati, Purvaphalguni and Uttarabhadrapada, Uttaraphalguni and Purvabhadrapada, Hasta and Satabisha, Mrigasirsha, Citra and Sravashta. Exception: Rajju, Vedhai, Ganam, and Rasi  –  the adverse effects arising from these need not be considered, if 1. The lords of Janma-Rasis of the man and the woman be the same, 2. They be friendly planets and 3. If their Janma-Rasis be diametrically opposite signs of the zodiac. Dhina, Gana, Yoni, Rasi, and Rajju, are the five chief points in which there should be agreement in the horoscopes of the bridegroom and bride. Of these, Dhina and Rajju are first in importance. Dhina is particularly so to Brahmanas; Gana to Kshatriyas; Rasi to Vaisyas; and Yoni to Sudras.
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