Economic Activities of Bangladesh during Muslim Rule

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Economic Activities of Bangladesh during Muslim Rule
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  Economic ctivities of Bangladesh during Muslim Rule The Muslim rule came to the subcontinent in 1175 AD when the Turks from central Asia invaded India. The Turks ruled the subcontinent from 1175AD to 1340 AD the Turks were more interested in wealth rather than politics. During the reign of the Turks peasants were severely exploited. During the Turk king Alauddin Khilji land revenue was fixed half of everything produce. The land administrators could levy iqtas another kind of tax that exploited the peasants more harshly. Then came the Mughals who reigned till 1760 AD. The economic activities of Bangladesh during the Mughal reign expanded gracefully. Chittagong, & satgaon sea port was constructed during the Mughal rule. Bangladesh became an economic zone traders from different part of the world came to Bangladesh to do business. Spices, clothes, jewelry, ivory items used to be exported using the Chittagong sea port. Business thrived in this part of the continent textile sector thrived immensely Dhakai muslin Is a great example which was a popular product among the traders. The fine quality of muslin was liked by many and it was also exported to many countries. Bangladesh also exported wool. Many businessman and nawabs moved to Dhaka and business there thrived. Bangladesh used to grow a lot of crops. the volume and variety of textiles produced and exported increased dramatically. Cotton textiles and rice were Bengal's chief export commodities In the late 16th century rice was exported from two principal seaports, Chittagong in the east and Satgaon in the west. Bangladesh grew a huge quantity of rice that, besides supplying the whole country, it was exported to all parts of India, as well as to Goa and Malabar, as to Sumatra, Moluccas, and all the islands of Sunda, to all of which lands Bengal was a nursing mother. The most important  centers of cotton production were located around Dhaka and along a corridor in western Bengal extending from Malda in the north through Kasimbazar to Hughli and Midnapur in the south. In 1586 ralph fitch remarked that in Sonargaon the best and the finest cloth was made of cotton which was the best in the whole of India. The Mughal connection also made Bengal a major producer for the imperial court's voracious appetite for luxury goods. This was especially so in the case of raw silk, the major Centre of production of which was located in and around Kasimbazar. Portuguese merchants came into the Bay of Bengal and established trading stations in both Chittagong and Satgaon in the mid-1530s. In the last two decades of the sixteenth century during the Mughal push into the heart of the delta, the Portuguese established the major port of Hughli, built up their community in Chittagong, and established mercantile colonies in and around Dhaka. European countries did lucrative trading and business in Bangladesh. The Potuguese exported from Bengal a wide variety of merchandise such as cotton goods, gingham made of grass, and silks of various shades as well as sugar, ghee, rice, indigo, long pepper, saltpeter, wax, lac and other articles which were abundant in Bengal. Rice formed one of the chief articles of Portuguese export to other parts of India and the East Indies. Pyrard de Laval observes that when the Bengal ships were behind their time or were lost in the sea, rice 'was fabulously dear and there is cry of famine' in Sumatra, Moluccas, etc. During the Muslim rule the monetization of economy in bengal was so great that they used gold and silver to trade goods.
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