Fairy Tale Engineerin Camp

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Day 1 - Three Little Pigs ................................................................................................. 3 LAB 1.1…
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Day 1 - Three Little Pigs ................................................................................................. 3 LAB 1.1 .................................................................................................................. 3 Lab 1.1 Extension: Testing Roofs............................................................................ 7 LAB 1.2 A Celebration of Building............................................................................ 7 Read the book : .................................................................................................... 7 Dreaming Up: A Celebration of Building by Christy Hale (Apr 1, 1996).......... 7 Lab 1.2 Extension - Bricks ...................................................................................... 9 Day 2 Jack and The Beanstalk ...................................................................................... 10 Lab 2.1 Bean Balance........................................................................................... 10 Activity 2.2 Game - Golden Egg Relay Race ......................................................... 12 Lab 2.3 Free Build Challenge ............................................................................... 13 Lab 2.4 A Parachute for Jack................................................................................. 13 Lab 2.5 Tall Tall Towers ....................................................................................... 14 Dreaming Up: A Celebration of Building by Christy Hale ..................................... 14 Block City by Robert Louis Stevenson and Daniel Kirk ........................................ 14 Iggy Peck, Architect by Andrea Beaty and David Roberts ..................................... 14 Day 3 Hansel and Gretel and 3 Billy Goats Gruff.......................................................... 17 LAB 3.1 – part 1 ................................................................................................... 17 Lab 3.3 Suspension Bridge Challenge .................................................................. 19 Lab # 3.4 Troll Trap (Leprechaun Trap) Challenge: .............................................. 20 Day 4 Frozen Engineering Fun...................................................................................... 22 LAB 4.1 Frozen Snow Ball Launcher .................................................................... 22 LAB 4.2 North Mountain Build............................................................................. 24 LAB 4.3 Frozen Magic Foaming Snowman........................................................... 25 Activity 4.4 Do You Wanna Build A Snowman? Game......................................... 26 LAB 4.5 Frozen Ice “Fishing” ............................................................................... 26 LAB 4.6 Arctic Animal Rescue ............................................................................. 27 Day 5 ............................................................................................................................ 28 LAB 5.1 Wolf Proof Basket .................................................................................. 28 LAB 5.2 A Ride for Red Riding Hood.................................................................. 29 LAB 5.3 Cinderella ‘s Coach Challenge ................................................................ 30 5.4 Cinderella’s Lost Shoe Game .......................................................................... 31 LAB 5.5 The Princess and the Pea......................................................................... 32 Activity 5.6 Princess and Pea Game ...................................................................... 33 Lab 5.7 A Boat for The Gingerbread Man ............................................................. 33 LAB 5.8 Gingerbread Man Measuring Activity ..................................................... 34 Day 1 - Three Little Pigs LAB 1.1 Set up 3 stations, each with a different building material (or have 2 of each station if you have a large enrollment and want to keep each station to a manageable size) Concept/Vocabulary Material Strength How something is put together/Building Techniques Materials: • Copy of The Three Little Pigs (or you can retell the story from memory) • Three-Little-Pigs-Architectural-Tale • Hairdryer or handheld battery operated fan Station 1 – plastic drinking straws = house of straw Station 2 –Popsicle sticks or pretzel sticks or real twigs = house of sticks Station 3 – Duplo bricks Procedure 1. Read or tell 3 Little Pigs Story Discuss - Introduce the vocabulary words and relate them to the story. 2. Tell the kids they will have the chance to build houses with all 3 materials and test them to see what is the strongest house. Have them make predictions as to which house will be the strongest. 3. Assign children to the different stations and allow time for building. 4. Adults should monitor the stations and provide support when/where needed. 5. At the end of the building period adults can visit the stations and test the structures by attempting to blow-down each child’s house by blowing on it and/or using a hairdryer or hand held battery-operated fan. 6. Rotate groups twice to make sure everyone has a chance to build at each station 7. Gather group in a circle and sing the Three Little Pigs. If you prefer you can sing the appropriate verse at each station at testing time during the building lab. 8. Discuss the results of the building lab with the group a. What house was hardest to build? Why? b. What house was the strongest? Why? c. Could you add something to the houses of sticks and straw, or use a different technique to make them stronger? (glue, mortar or other material/technique to fasten straw or sticks together). Song The Three Little Pigs Tune of: Here we go Round the Mulberry Bush Option: divide campers into “Pigs” and “Big Bad Wolves” and have them sing rounds back and forth to each other Pigs The First little pig built a house of straw, House of straw, house of straw The first little pig built a house of straw It was not ve-ry stro-o-ng Wolves The big bad wolf, he huffed and puffed Huffed and puffed, huffed and puffed The big bad wolf he huffed and puffed And blew down the house of straw Pigs The second little pig built a house of sticks House of sticks, house of sticks The second little pig built a house of sticks It was not ve-ry stro-o-ng Wolves The big bad wolf, he huffed and puffed Huffed and puffed, huffed and puffed The big bad wolf he huffed and puffed And blew down the house of st-i-icks Pigs The third little pig built a house of bricks House of bricks, house of bricks The third little pig built a house of bricks And it was ve-ry stro-ong Wolves The big bad wolf, he huffed and puffed Huffed and puffed, huffed and puffed The big bad wolf he huffed and puffed But he could not blow it do-own 9. Introduce the idea that using the same materials in a different way or with a different technique can give a different result. Show discussion cards. Straw Bale Construction – this building technique uses straw like the first little pig, but by building with bales of straw and using some wood, a strong, sturdy house can be built. Log Cabin – house of sticks. Where do sticks come from ? Trees. Sticks are made out of wood, but they are very small. The same material in the bigger form of logs can be used to build a log cabin, which is a strong house. Lab 1.1 Extension: Testing Roofs Materials: variety of materials, paper, cardboard, tin foil, natural materials; bark, grass, sticks, etc. Spray bottle with water or sprinkling watering can 1. Have children build LEGO houses without roofs 2. Let them choose different materials to construct a waterproof roof 3. When complete the teacher will simulate rain by spraying the roof of each house. 4. Children can remove roof and see if the roof keep water out of the house LAB 1.2 A Celebration of Building Read the book : Dreaming Up: A Celebration of Building by Christy Hale (Apr 1, 1996) Discuss the materials used in each of the different structures shown in the book Materials: Variety of recycled materials such as: toilet paper tubes small boxes sheets of cardboard plastic containers paper cups plastic drinking bottles, cardstock or other heavy weight paper – etc. The straws, and Popsicle sticks or twigs from 1.1 can be used Masking Tape – 1 roll per pair of students Glue Hot Glue Gun – for adult use only Optional: materials to decorate houses, colored/scrapbook paper, stickers, pipe cleaners, fabric, etc. Procedure 1. Tell the children the story below: Once upon a time there was a class of little pigs. There was a Joshua pig, and a Kaitlyn pig (name each child in your class.). Well, that class of pigs graduated from Kindergarten and it was time for them to go off and make their way in the world. Since they were very smart pigs they remembered the story of The Three Little Pigs and what do you think they wanted to build their houses out of? That’s right – bricks! So they started to look for some bricks. They walked through their neighborhoods and looked and looked, but do you think they could find any bricks.? No, they could not. Do you think those pigs gave up? No they did not. They decided to innovate and look for other materials they could use to build their houses with. So, what do you think they could find? (let children make suggestions). It just so happened that it was recycling day and everyone in the neighborhood had put out their recycling bins. So what do you think our class of little pigs decided to do? That’s right! They all decided to use recycled materials to build their houses. 2. Challenge children to think about how they can put their materials together to build a strong house. 3. Remind them to consider what material(s) they will use to give their house strength and what techniques they may use in putting their house together that will make it stronger 4. Let children choose materials and construct a house. 5. Adults should observe and provide suggestions, support and help as needed. 6. One adult may want to be at a glue gun station and can glue pieces together as needed. Make sure that glue has cooled before giving the project back to the child. 7. Children who finish early can free build with Duplo Lab 1.2 Extension - Bricks Make “adobe” bricks – this is a multi day project Materials: 1 cup clean play sand 1/2 cup cornstarch 1 t. alum 3/4 cup hot water bowl pan airtight container cardboard Directions: 1. Mix sand, cornstarch, and alum in bowl 2. Add hot water, stirring vigorously 3. Add food coloring if desired 4. Cook over medium heat until thick in pan 5. Cool 6. Roll out to a uniform thickness on cookie sheets or pieces of heavy-duty foil. If using foil, place the rolled out clay on cookie sheets. 7. Using a ruler, cut into uniform sized rectangular bricks 8. Dry in sunshine for several days or bake in low temp 200 oven 9. When bricks are thoroughly dry, give each child bricks and mix another batch of clay that has more water to use as mortar 10. Have children build structures with their bricks on a cardboard base. Day 2 Jack and The Beanstalk Engineering & Math Craft adapted from Fantastic Fun and Learning Blog To see original activity tutorial with pictures visit: http://www.fantasticfunandlearning.com/jack-and-the-beanstalk-craft-and-math- activities.html Lab 2.1 Bean Balance Vocabulary/Concepts: Balance Weight Gravity Materials: 1 paper towel tube per student * 1 sheet of green construction paper * 8-12 Precut leaf shapes (triangles) with hole punched in each triangle, per student * 2 green pipe cleaners per student * stapler * * Alternative – have students build beanstalk out of Duplo Bricks to simplify activity and eliminate the materials above marked with * 1 white paper plate per student handful of cotton balls per student glue or double stick tape 1 small cup of dry kidney bean, lima bean (or other large dry bean) per student Optional - 1 set of Jack & beanstalk flannel board printable per student – print on cardstock and/or laminate http://www.pre-kpages.com/docs/jack-beanstalk-flannel-board.pdf Procedure: 1. Optional - cut out the castle from the flannel board shapes and secure to the paper plate with pipe cleaners and tape (it is not necessary to have the castle for the activity) 2. Make the cloud - Glue cotton balls to the plate or use double stick tape. 3. Make the beanstalk - if using Duplo’s to build a beanstalk skip to # 8 4. Glue or tape green construction paper around the paper towel tube. 5. Give each child 2 green pipe cleaners. and the precut, pre hole punched triangles. 6. Twist the 2 pipe cleaners together at one end to create one long pipe cleaner 7. Thread the triangles onto the pipe cleaner, keeping them spread out 8. Wrap the pipe cleaner around the covered cardboard tube. Adults can help staple top and bottom to hold the pipe cleaners in place. 9. If using glue on the cloud and the beanstalk do another activity of your choice while these dry. 10. When the cloud plates are dry give each child a cup of beans 11. Have children balance the plate on top of the beanstalk 12. Experiment with placing beans on the plate without tipping the plate off the beanstalk – this may take some practice. 13. Comparing More and Less: Each time the plate falls gather the beans into a separate pile and set the pile aside. Start again placing beans from the cup on the plate. When the plate tips over again, make another pile. Count # of beans in pile # 1 and pile #2 compare – which has more and which has less? 14. Capacity/Volume (if using paper towel tube beanstalks): Have children work in pairs or small groups. Have them predict how many beans it will take to fill the beanstalk. Have them drop beans one at a time and count how many beans it takes to fill the Activity 2.2 Game - Golden Egg Relay Race Tell the children that they are going to help Jack get as many golden eggs from the giant as they can. • Divide children into teams and give each team a large spoon and one golden egg or yellow plastic egg (alternative – use beans instead) • One team member at a time runs back and forth between two points while holding the egg in the spoon without dropping it. • If the egg drops, the runner has to retrieve it and replace it back on the spoon before returning to running. • Each team member passes the spoon with the egg to the next member of his or her team upon returning to the starting point. • If using a spoon and egg is too challenging for younger kids have an alternative – hold egg under chin, or between knees, or on a hat, etc., or use beans instead of eggs. • The first team to have all members run with the egg and return back to the starting point wins. • Cooperative version– run the relay for a set amount of time and the goal is for the whole group to take as many eggs as possible from the giant. Run relay a second time with a group goal to get more eggs than the first time Lab 2.3 Free Build Challenge • Challenge children to build the Giant’s castle out of Duplo or Legos, or recycled materials, or other materials of your choice Lab 2.4 A Parachute for Jack Introduce this lab by asking children to brainstorm Air Resistance occurs when a some ways that Jack could get from the Giant’s castle moving object is pushing back down to the ground without climbing down the against the air, which slows the beanstalk. If no one comes up with the idea of a moving object down. Air parachute suggest it. resistance helps airplanes fly, windmills move, and Materials: parachutes to fall gently to the • plastic grocery bag ground. Air resistance can also • 2 pieces yarn or string – precut into 12” lengths be dangerous at high speeds, • scotch tape such as in hurricanes or • 1 Duplo figure per child or pair of children tornados. • Optional – other materials to use to make parachutes such as: wax paper, fabric, plastic garbage bags etc. Procedure 1. Give each pair their materials 2. Make a parachute by tying the string onto each of the bag’s handles – younger children who cannot tie can tape the string to the handles instead or adults can tie the stings on in advance. 3. Tie the loose end of the string around the arms of the Duplo figure. Younger kids can tape the string to the back of the figure. 4. Test the parachutes by dropping the figure. If possible drop them from a height – a playground structure, a stairway. If your venue does not have access to a safe structure, a teacher can stand on a stepladder and drop the figures. 5. Older children who have the fine motor skills to cut and tie can experiment with making parachutes out of different materials and they can try cutting the material into different shapes – circles, square, triangle, etc. to see what will make the best parachute. 6. Alternative for younger children: in advance attach a different parachute to different DUPLO people. Use different materials, shapes, and sizes for the parachutes. Let each pair/team have a turn with each different figure/paracute and discuss/graph results to determine which is the best parachute. Discuss why. Lab 2.5 Tall Tall Towers (this activity is lesson 3.2 from B3- Bricks Unit 3) Discuss the beanstalk and how it was very tall. Tell children they will be building and testing tall structures Concept – Gravity is a force that pulls objects toward the earth. Engineers have to deal with the force of gravity when designing structures, vehicles and other things. Objectives • Build and test a variety of structures to see which are the most stable and can withstand the force of gravity. Materials: • Duplo XL Bulk set • Creative Builder cards Optional materials: • Books – any of these are a nice introduction to building structures (or demolishing them!) Dreaming Up: A Celebration of Building by Christy Hale Block City by Robert Louis Stevenson and Daniel Kirk Iggy Peck, Architect by Andrea Beaty and David Roberts Demolition by Sally Sutton and Brian Lovelock • A “wrecking ball” – cut off 1 leg from a pair of tights or pantyhose and put a tennis ball or other similar sized rubber ball in the toe. Teacher can hold the top of the wrecking ball and let children take turns to pull it back. • Build Cards with specific tower builds can be found on building examples: http://www.buildingexamples.com/index.php/lego-duplo/buildings Vocabulary Build the letter G and introduce main vocabulary word/concept Gravity Related Vocabulary: Stable/Stability- the stability of a model (in this case tall tower) is affected by its shape and the weight distribution within it. Base – the bottom support of a structure – in general the wider the base the more stable the structure Balance - Width Height Problem Solving Introduction: Jack decides to build a tall, tall tower that is even taller than the beanstalk. Can you help Jack build his tower? Think Like an Engineer Use your engineer’s questions: • Why does a tall 2X2 tower fall down easily when the wind blows? • How about a 2X4 tall tower – is it any more or less stable than a 2X2 tower? • What force causes the towers to fall down when the force of wind blowing on them unbalances them? What kind of engineer are we going to be when we build our towers? Civil Engineer – Structural and Construction. (There may be more than one answer and children will probably come up with their own names) After kids have built and experimented with 2X2 and 2X4 towers discuss ideas for building tall towers that Math Extensions are more stable. Older children can build Introduce additional concepts of stability, base, width, and height patterned towers. Predict, Build and Test “How many red bricks • Children should build 2X2 and 2X4 tall towers and test and how many blue their stability by blowing on them bricks will you need to • Make observations about the 2X2 and 2X4 towers and build a tower that is X why they fall down so easily. tall?” • Show the picture of the skyscraper and ask children
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