GST 202 FUNDAMENTALS OF PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTIO-1

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GST 202 FUNDAMENTALS OF PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTIO-1
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    GST 202 FUNDAMENTALS OF PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION Course Team Oyedolapo Babatunde Durojaye, Abiodun Joseph Oluwadare & Mathias E Jarikre.   (Course Developers/Writers) - NOUN Prof. Anifowose Remi (Course Editor ) NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA COURSE GUIDE  GST 202 COURSE GUIDE ii National Open University of Nigeria Headquarters 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island, Lagos Abuja Office No. 5 Dar es Salaam Street Off Aminu Kano Crescent Wuse II, Abuja e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng URL: www.nou.edu.ng Published by National Open University of Nigeria Printed 2013 ISBN: 978-058-099-9 All Rights Reserved  GST 202 COURSE GUIDE iii CONTENTS PAGES Introduction…………………………………………… iv What You will Learn in this Course………………….. iv Course Aim……………………………………………. v Course Objectives…………………………………….. v Working through this Course………………………… vi Course Materials……………………………………… vi Study Units……………………………………………. vi Textbooks and References……………………………. vii Assignment File……………………………………….. viii Presentation Schedule…………………………………. viii Tutor-Marked Assignment……………………………. ix Final Examination and Grading………………………. ix Course Marking Scheme………………………………. ix How to Get the Most from this Course………………… xi Facilitation/Tutors and Tutorials………………………. xii Summary………………………………………………… xiii  GST 202 COURSE GUIDE iv INTRODUCTION GST   202   Fundamentals of Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution  is a two-credit unit course. It is a compulsory course for all undergraduate students of the National Open University of Nigeria. The course is recommended for other student(s), who may be interested in the study of peace studies and conflict resolution. This course consists of three modules made up of fifteen units, which include the meaning of conflict and the conceptual definition of conflict resolution from the perspective of the United Nations. Other areas of discourse are themes, theories, issues, challenges, tools and techniques of peace studies and conflict resolution. This course draws its major case studies from the global arena and continent of Africa with particular reference to Nigeria with the aim of equipping you with the desired skills and knowledge of developing viable analytical mind and conceptual framework for addressing the conflict problems in Nigeria and elsewhere. This Course Guide informs you on what this course is all about, what you should appreciate in each unit, what text materials you shall be using and how you can make the best use of these materials. This Course Guide also discerns the need for taking tutor-marked assignment seriously. However, necessary information on tutor-marked assignment shall be made known in a separate file, which will be sent to you. This course is also supported by periodic tutorial classes. WHAT YOU WILL LEARN IN THIS COURSE The overall aim of GST   202   Fundamentals of Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution  is to introduce you to the interrelationship between conflict, peace, and conflict resolution, and prominent areas of inquiry and issues in the discourse of peace and conflict resolution. Your understanding of this fundamentals will enable you to explain some basic concepts in the study of conflicts. In fact, the course will also expose you to relevant issues in conflict resolution at the local, national and international levels. GST   202  is an interesting course, which can stimulate your understanding of how values, resources, psychological needs and information management can cause conflict the world over. Therefore, this course is so significant as it shows how conflict resolution can bring about enduring peace among opposing people of a state. It can also engender a systemic approach to resolving conflict at  GST 202 COURSE GUIDE v the latent stage. In the quest to address culture of violence and war, a lot of individual and institutional (both lateral and multilateral) initiatives have been adopted to promote social networks, that can guarantee peaceful co-existence. However, efforts to engendering peace are very important because it is only under a peaceful atmosphere that sustainble development can take place in any society. There is also the need to promote peace-generating values among state and non-state actors. This can be achieved through peace education, proper practice of democracy, respect for fundamental human rights, and poverty alleviation among others, to remove the culture of violence in the behaviour of state and non-state actors. Conflict resolution demands that parties should resolve their conflicts through non-violent and peaceful ways for effective conflict transformation. COURSE AIM The aim of this course is to enable you understand the fundamental issues and requirements for foundational principles of peace studies and conflict resolution. To attain this, you will be introduced to the: •   general background and basis of the fundamental of peace studies and conflict resolution •   meaning, trend and trajectories of peace studies and conflict resolution •   nature of conflict and processes of conflict resolution •   benefits of peace education and global trends in peace studies and conflict resolution •   importance of social conflict and conflict management, transformation and resolution. COURSE OBJECTIVES This course is designed to equip you with basic understanding of the fundamental issues in peace studies and conflict resolution. As indicated above, it is pertinent that you acquire basic principles at the general studies level in peace studies and conflict resolution. Each unit has its specific objectives. The unit objectives can be found at the beginning of each unit. You should always look at the unit objectives after completing a unit to ascertain whether you have covered the unit requirement. At the end of this course, you should be able to: •   define and explain the meaning and nature of conflict •   discuss the causes and types of conflicts
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