How to populate and edit the AQS-KB: Processes (version 1.3

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How to populate and edit the AQS-KB: Processes (version 1.3
  AQS-KB: processes Huub Scholten et al. 1 AquaStress’ i3S How to populate and edit the AQS-KB: Processes (version 1.3) Part 3 of the i3S-series How to … Huub Scholten 1 , Ayalew Kassahun, Kees Oomen Wageningen University 1 Introduction AquaStress’ toolbox i3S is a collection of tightly coupled and standalone software tools, knowledge bases and associated data that should be helpful to mitigate water stress. This document aims at helping domain experts populate and edit the AquaStress knowledge base (AQS-KB). This knowledge base is the backbone of the i3S toolbox and consists of several parts. This document focuses on the  AQS-KB part   related to  processes . Table 1 gives an overview of the tools, the knowledge base parts and the database that are part of i3S. The remainder of this document gives an overview of relevant concepts (terms), introduces the KB-editor (i.e. the web-based tool to populate and edit the  AQS-KB ) and ends with a guidance part, how to work in the AQS-KB (create/delete  AQS-KB items , edit  AQS-KB items  and read/comment  AQS-KB items ). The web-based tool to work in the AQS-KB is called KB-editor (see section 3). A more complete and profound description of this tool is found in Kassahun et al ., 2008.   Table 1. Overview of i3S components, based on Kassahun et al  ., 2008 and Blind et al  ., 2007. Component Explanation Software tool QPT Query and Processing Tool: uses knowledge from the AQS-KB to calculate actual values of water stress indicators and the effect of implemented options on these indicators. Furthermore this tool presents results to the i3S portal. AquaDT AquaStress Decision Taking (AquaDT) Tool is a web-based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) application, which supports stakeholders in participatory complex decision making processes. Questionnaire tool Helps organising questionnaires. ProST Process Support Tool, aiming guidance in the water stress mitigation process, keeping records of this process in case studie at test sides and helps managing water stress mitigation projects. Dashboard Manager Collect, test, present data Fuzzy Cognitive Maps Conceptual (qualitative) modelling. HydroSplash! Water management game at test site level. 1  AQS-KB: processes Huub Scholten et al. 2 DUE Date Uncertainty Engine: UA/DA-Tools is a software framework for: •   specifying uncertainties in environmental data (uncertainty assessment) •   generating realisations of uncertain data for use in modelling studies (uncertainty propagation analysis) •   deploying ensemble model runs to propagate uncertainty into model outputs •   combining observations and model data with data assimilation techniques to update model status and improve forecasting capabilities Cased Based Reasoning Advising based on previous, similar projects. Models Computational simulation model. Integrated assessment model A computational simulation model that represents a coupled natural system and a socio-economic system, modelling one or more cause-effect chains including feedback loops, and explicitly designed to serve as a tool to analyse policies in order to guide and inform the policy process, mostly by means of scenario analysis. Resource flow model A computational model that represents the flow of matter in a system within a defined time period of a spatial unit. It is not geographically explicit. Integrated, complex model   Within systems analysis, process simulation models are often applied to simulate system behaviour (bio-physical or socio-economical) in one domain over time and space. Integrated complex modelling refers (within AquaStress) to the combination of process simulation models, in a way that accommodates process interaction and feedback between the various model components. System dynamics models System dynamics is an approach to understanding the behavior of complex systems over time. It deals with stocks and flows, internal feedback loops and time delays that affect the behavior of the entire system.. A System dynamics model (SDM) is a model that is based on this approach. Agent Based Modelling Computational model for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous individuals in a network, with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. In AquaStress it combines physical processes with individuals with different roles. Mini-models Rule based modelling to calculate indicators and effects of options, e.g. to calculate indicators and to calculate effects of options on indicators. Knowledge and data AQS-KB Option-KB AQS-KB part on options. Site-KB AQS-KB part on test site specific knowledge. Process AQS-KB part on water stress mitigation process, in general or at test site level. Indicator-KB AQS-KB part on water stress indicators. e-Glossary AQS-KB part on terminology. Database Model specific data Data for a specific (mathematical) model. Test site data Data for a specific test site, related to indicators and/or models. Dashboard data Data to be used by the Dashboard Manager. 2 Concepts Table 2. Concepts used in the AQS-KB. Term Explanation Alphabetical menu Hyperlinks in the top of the main panel  to items in a list view  that are filled (populated). Clicking on a character shows the list starting from that character on. AQS AquaStress, i.e. an Integrated Project, partly funded by the European Commission (Contract FP6 511231), aiming at Mitigation of Water Stress through new Approaches to Integrating Management, Technical, Economic and Institutional Instruments. AQS toolbox i3S. AQS-KB Synonym for the  AquaStress Knowledge Base . AQS-KB item Single AQS-KB element of an  AQS-KB part  . Examples: •   Guadiana – Portugal (item in Site specific , i.e. test site information; •   Desalination (item in Generic/Option definitions )  AQS-KB: processes Huub Scholten et al. 3 AQS-KB item property Property of an  AQS-KB item , i.e. a part of the content of an  AQS_KB item  with an identifier, which are listed and explained in Table 3. AQS-KB item property type There are AQS-KB item properties of the following types: •   text  , e.g. description of problem, etc.); •   lists , i.e. a list of hyperlinks (e.g. owner (author) , sub location, available options, figures, attachments, etc.); clicking on this type of  AQS-KB item  property  will invoke a new main panel  with other  AQS-KB items , each with their own  AQS-KB item property types ; •   check boxes  (e.g. verified); •   automatic  (filled by the KB-editor  ); •   structure  (relevant for  processes  only), i.e. a numbered lists of  AQS-KB items  (e.g. steps , tasks , activities ), in which the numbers indicate the order of the  AQS-KB items and, in case of tasks , feedbacks can be added to previous tasks in order to redo tasks  and feedforwards to jump to following tasks , both within the present step . AQS-KB parts See  AquaStress Knowledge Base . Examples: •   Processes; •   Site specific, i.e. test site information. AQS-KB structure Structure of the  AQS-KB  with: •   at the top surface the  AQS-parts  (e.g. sites , options ,  processes , indicators ); •   deeper layers within each  AQS-KB part   with  AQS-KB items  of the type list  . AquaStress Knowledge Base A collection of facts and knowledge to mitigate water stress. The knowledge base has the following parts: 1.   site-KB with AQS-site specific knowledge; 2.   process-KB with process knowledge, i.e. with knowledge on the water stress mitigation process; 3.   tools with an overview of the i3S tools; 4.   case studies-KB with definitions of case studies (each within a test site); 5.   indicator and variable definitions-KB definitions of all water stress indicators and associated variables necessary to calculate the indicators; 6.   option-KB with water stress mitigation option definitions; 7.   glossary-KB with glossary terms from AquaStress and other projects; 8.   (indicator values); 9.   (option implementations); 10.   functionalities of the i3S components. AquaStress tools portal Web-based tool to access i3S. Breadcrumb bar Bar below the menu bar  , showing a breadcrumb trail , consisting of hyperlinks to previously visited  AQS-KB    parts . Breadcrumb trail Navigation technique used in GUI  . Its purpose is to give users a way to keep track of their location within the  AQS-KB . The term is taken from the trail of breadcrumbs left by Hansel and Gretel in the popular fairytale. Browse menu Hyperlinks to  first  ,  previous , next   and last   set of elements of the list shown in the list view  in the main panel . The number of items shown is determined in the drop down list   at the top right. By default this number is 10. Case study In-depth plans covering selected issues and possibly selected regions within the Test-Site by implementing specific options or combinations of options in all or part of a Test Site and offering integrated solutions coupling technical, economic, institutional, educational and social assets. Test sites will serve as learning platforms to understand responses and impacts of different types and conditions of water stress and to refine the guidelines for water stress mitigation.  AQS-KB: processes Huub Scholten et al. 4 Context menu The context menu  is an extra menu, visible only for registered users after logging in and after selecting one of the  AQS-KB parts . If a user is authorized   for some actions, the context menu  options will be visible at the right hand side of the  AQS-KB item  or of the  AQS-KB item property . The icons have the following meaning: •   = edit icon: editing of the  AQS-KB item  is allowed •   = delete icon: deleting of the  AQS-KB item  is allowed •   = ProST icon: exchanging a process definition with ProST (only relevant for processes) •   = XML icon: collecting knowledge from the AQS-KB and passing it over to a tool, e.g. to QPT Detail view List of all  AQS-KB item properties  in an  AQS-KB part  . Drop down list User interface control ( GUI   element) similar to a list box which allows the user to choose one value from a list Glossary List of terms. Glossary-KB Part of the AQS-KB with a list of terms. Graphical user interface A type of user interface which allows people to interact with software tools. A GUI   offers graphical icons, and visual indicators as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or textual navigation to fully represent the information and actions available to a user. GUI Graphical User Interface. i3S Integrated Solution Support System, i.e. AQS toolbox consisting of tightly coupled and standalone software tools (including models), knowledge bases and data. KB Synonym for the  AquaStress Knowledge Base . KB-editor Software tool to use (browse/inspect, edit add, check) the  AquaStress Knowledge  Base . Knowledge Base Synonym for the  AquaStress Knowledge Base . List view List of all  AQS-KB items  in an  AQS-KB part   or of the  AQS-KB parts . Menu A list of commands presented to a user by a software tool. They may be thought of as shortcuts  to frequently used commands that avoid the operator having to have a detailed knowledge or recall of syntax. A computer using a graphical user interface  presents menus with a combination of text and symbols to represent choices. By clicking  on one of the symbols, the operator is selecting the instruction that the symbol represents. Menu bar Top line of the software tool menu , just below the browser bars. Option Measure to combat water stress and interventions for water stress mitigation, including policy mechanisms, economic tools, administrative initiatives, participatory processes & education and cost-effective broadly supported decisions for sustainable water management. Process Water stress mitigation (in general or for a site  or case study ) Registering Enrol as AQS-KB user. The administrator   (see user type ) will assign a user a user type  with associated user authorization . Shortcut menu  Menu  to get direct access to a  AQS-KB part  . Site Synonym for test site . Test site The entire set of regions pronounced in the AquaStress  Description of Work  , illustrating the common denominators of the full range of water stress problems occurring in Europe, in which well defined case studies  are developed. Tree menu A software tool menu  in the left side of the tool window with a tree like structure as Windows Explorer. The ‘+’ sign indicates that a tree item can be expanded   and a ‘’ sign allows to collapse  the item. User authorization Allowing access to  AQS-KB parts  to different user types  and permitted them to use parts at levels (reading, editing and creating/deleting). More formally, user authorization  is a process that protects the  AQS-KB  by only allowing those  AQS-KB parts  to be used by users of different user types  that have been granted authority to use them. User type •   Unregistered users •    Registered o   Commenter  : user who is authorized   to writes comments in the  AQS-KB . o    Editor  : user who is authorized   to change (parts of) the  AQS-KB . o    Administrator  : user has all right in the  AQS-KB , including assigning user types  to registered   users and granting user authorization .  AQS-KB: processes Huub Scholten et al. 5 Web-based tool A software tool that can be used with a normal web browser (e.g. Internet Explorer). 3 KB-editor There are two ways to get access to the AQS-KB: (indirectly) through i3S’s tool, QPT and (directly) using the KB-editor, a web-based tool to populate, edit and browse the AQS-KB. The KB editor has a menu bar   on the top, breadcrumb trail  below the menu bar  , a tree menu  on the left, main panel  in the middle and the shortcut menu  on the bottom (see Figure 1). The menu bar   contains links to the Home page and the Login page. The contents of the menu bar   changes after logging in, depending on the user authorisation . Most of the  AQS-KB items  are accessible via links in the tree menu . The breadcrumb bar   contains links to previously visited AQS-parts. The shortcut menu  contains important links, links that you find on the home page. If the main panel  shows items in a list view  the top of the main panel  has several menu elements (see Table 2): 1.   alphabetical menu : allows to reposition the top of the list to a specific first character; 2.   browse menu : allows to browse the list one set of items forward ( next > ), back ( <    previous ) or to the beginning ( << begin ) or end ( end >>) of the list; 3.   drop down list  : allows to select how one items are show in one main panel at a time. Editing or commenting on the content of the  AQS- KB requires registration  to get an account. Browsing and reading without commenting is possible without registration . Figure 1. KB-editor with layout of panels, i.e. menu bar  , tree menu  , breadcrumb bar  , shortcut menu   and main panel  . The main panel   shows a list view   on the AQS-KB parts  . The KB editor   allows entering only text or numerical data as values of properties. All other information should be added as attachments. Typical attachments are images, formatted documents and software applications. For instance, if an activity of a mitigation process requires an Excel template to be made available for use in ProST  , the Excel sheet should be uploaded as an attachment to the activity. See also section 4.3.4. menu bar breadcrumb bar shortcut menu tree menu main panel
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