Kinetic Chains, Inv

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KINETIC CHAINS CINEMATIC MODALITIES Producer by: Daniela Bonilla Bernal Jessica Alexandra Sanchez Lozada Paula Andrea Ramírez Parra Mariana Tellez Lara Natalia…
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KINETIC CHAINS CINEMATIC MODALITIES Producer by: Daniela Bonilla Bernal Jessica Alexandra Sanchez Lozada Paula Andrea Ramírez Parra Mariana Tellez Lara Natalia Romero Sanchez Manuela Beltran University Physiotherapy Program Bogotá D.C. 2019-2 INDEX KINETIC MUSCULAR CHAINS Most everyday gestures require the mobilization of several joints to ensure the displacement of the different bone links, compared to others. This complex mechanical system, in which robotics is currently inspired, is called articulated chain. By combining the degrees of freedom of the respective joints it offers the body the possibility of moving in all planes of space. BACK CHAIN We start lying face down. We rest our hands on the floor and we rise stretching our arms and legs so that our waist is 90 degrees. We maintain the position. TRUNK FLEXION CHAIN Kneeling in front of the machine, we take the ropes or rubber bands, with a neutral grip, and hold it to the sides of the head, without moving the arms or shoulders, we perform a trunk flexion forward until the elbows touch the ground. TRUNK EXTENSION CHAIN In the upside down position, hands just below the shoulders, we perform an extension of the elbows together with an extension of the spine to the possible sea. We go down and repeat. ANTERIOR TRUNK CHAIN Lying face down, we extend the neck and trunk by stretching the arms and placing the hands at shoulder height. We hold the position for several seconds while performing deep abdominal breathing. If necessary, we can rest on the forearms with the elbows flexed. We can also flex the knees to stretch the quadriceps. With this exercise we not only stretch the muscles but also serve to stretch and decompress the organs, which will help their proper functioning and digestion. REAR CROSS TRUNK CHAIN  Place one leg forward with the knee slightly behind the support foot. The supported knee should be under the hip. Now try to bring your arms forward while you flex your spine and try to place the hip in retroversion, as if you wanted to bring the pubis to the sternum. When performing this gesture, you will notice the stretch in the front of the thigh.  Try to turn your body, you can help by placing the support hand as far back as possible, bringing the knee as close as possible to the body trying to keep the gluteus from rising from the ground. To achieve a greater stretch, especially in the cervical area, direct your gaze downwards, to notice the stretch in the neck area. STATIC CHAIN OF THE UPPER LIMB It consists of making a supine grip on the bar, a force is made in the direction against gravity so that the chin exceeds the bar, it is a self-loading exercise in which it should not deviate from the point of gravity. UPPER LIMB EXTENSION CHAIN With an elastic band held in the hands, the upper limbs are opened in different directions as shown in the image. UPPER LIMB OPENING CHAIN We sit on the inclined bench, our feet rest on the ground in a stable manner, and the lower back will have it firmly attached to the bench throughout the exercise. completely, slowly we return to the starting position UPPER LIMB CLOSURE CHAIN We sit on the inclined bench, our feet rest on the ground in a stable manner, and the lower back will have it firmly attached to the bench throughout the exercise. completely, slowly we return to the starting position LOWER LIMB FLEXION CHAIN Support one hand on the wall and bring the heel toward the gluteus by pulling with the hand on the same side, You can do this same exercise lying down LOWER LIMB EXTENSION CHAIN The person should lie down and in this way slowly lift both legs fully stretched and keep them there for 10 seconds at a comfortable level and start making a movement from top to bottom interspersing both legs LOWER LIMB OPENING CHAIN The person must perform a series of squats with the back completely straight and the knee should not pass the tip of the foot, with a bar on the back, the person can use the weight that best suits LOWER LIMB CLOSURE CHAIN Leg curl sitting on the machine as shown in the following image, the exercise is that once positioned you should extend your legs repeatedly but the knee should not be so tense REFERENCES Estiramientos de cadenas musculares - TU ESPACIO INTERIOR - Terapias naturales. (2019). Retrieved 23 August 2019, from https://www.tuespaciointerior.es/estiramientos-de-cadenas-musculares/ Sportlife. (2019). Estira tus cadenas. [online] Available at: https://www.sportlife.es/amp/deportes/estira-tus-cadenas [Accessed 23 Aug. 2019]. Entrenamientos de musculacion y fuerza (2015). Estiramientos y salud. Recuperado de: entrenamientos.com/entrenamientos Técnicas de rehabilitación en medicina deportiva (2001) William E. Prentic David H. Potach y Todd Ellenbecker. Clients With Orthopedic, Injury, and Rehabilitation Concerns, NSCA’s Essentials of Personal Training 2012 NSCA.
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